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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 95-101

Evaluation of the effect of yoga on symptom burden and quality of life impairment in head-and-neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy

1 Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana; Reset Tech Global Private Limited, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 HCG Cancer Center, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 HCG Cancer Center, Bengaluru, Karnataka; Central Council for Research in Yoga and Naturopathy, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amritanshu Ram
HCG Cancer Center, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpo.jpo_2_23

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Introduction: Psychological stress has been implicated in the onset and exacerbations of several diseases, including cancer. Psychosocial factors have been associated with a higher cancer incidence, poorer survival, and higher cancer mortality. The present study aimed to see the relationship of symptom burden and quality of life (QoL) impairment in head-and-neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy with perceptions of yoga intervention. Methodology: The present study was a one-time survey conducted on 53 patients with HNC. The main outcome variables of the study were symptom severity and burden, which were assessed by The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) QoL impairment by using the European Organization for Research and Treatment in Cancer H and N 35 questionnaire and survey questions were prepared and administered to elicit the perceptions of patients toward a yoga. Results: The mean age of the study population was 56.5 ± 12.34 years. The perceived benefit of yoga among the yoga practitioners was 66%, and on the other hand, the perceived benefit of conventional treatment among nonyoga practitioners was only 23%. The HNC patients performing yoga along with conventional treatment experienced significantly less distress as compared to the nonyoga practitioners. Conclusion: The study has shown that the yoga practitioners experience less psychological distress as compared to the nonyoga practitioners and their perceived benefits were higher. Yoga also reinforced beliefs in conventional treatment. This may be probably useful in improving compliance with conventional treatment. Therefore, adding yoga to the conventional treatment can prove to be an important and useful adjunct.

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